Hundreds of foreign royals and heads of state are expected to attend the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II in London on Monday for one of the largest diplomatic gatherings in decades.
Westminster Abbey can seat about 2,000 people. Around 500 heads of state and foreign dignitaries are expected with their partners, according to reports from the BBC and Sky News.
Britain’s first state funeral in six decades will also be attended by members of the Queen’s family, courtiers, public figures and British politicians.
king of the world
A host of royals from Europe and beyond have confirmed their attendance at the funeral for Britain’s longest-serving monarch.
Japan’s Emperor Naruhito and Empress Masako will attend — their first trip abroad since ascending the throne in 2019. The visit marks a departure from Japanese tradition, which rarely sees the emperor attend funerals.
The royal families of Europe are closely related after centuries of intermingling their bloodlines, so it will come as no surprise to see multiple monarchs across the continent.
King Harald V of Norway, Prince Albert II of Monaco, King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, King Carl XVI of Sweden Gustaf and Philippe, King of the Belgians, will all be present.
Also arriving is Denmark’s Queen Margrethe II, who has canceled a series of events to mark her 50th anniversary following the death of her third cousin, Queen Elizabeth.
Spain’s King Felipe VI. will be there with his wife Queen Letizia. So did his father, the former King Juan Carlos I, who fell out of favor in 2014 and now lives in self-imposed exile in the United Arab Emirates.
Although Mohammed bin Salman, the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia and his de facto ruler, was invited, it emerged late Sunday that he would not be attending.
The 2018 killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Turkey by Saudi agents sparked international outrage.
Olena, wife of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, is likely to attend after visiting the Queen’s coffin at Westminster Hall on Sunday.
US President Joe Biden and his wife Jill headed the diplomatic guest list and flew to the UK late Saturday to also pay their respects at the coffin on Sunday.
Unlike some other leaders, who have been asked to arrive in British government-arranged coaches, Biden has reportedly been given permission to use his armored presidential limousine, known as The Beast.
French President Emmanuel Macron will attend, the Elysee Palace said, to show the “unbreakable” link with Britain and pay respects to the “eternal queen”.
He is also among the leaders allowed to use their own transport, British officials said.
The authoritarian Presidents Recep Tayyip Erdogan from Turkey and Jair Bolsonaro from Brazil also come.
China will send Vice President Wang Qishan at the invitation of the British government.
Despite Britain’s Brexit divorce from the European Union, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and European Council Chair Charles Michel will also leave.
Other heads of state at the funeral will include Presidents Sergio Mattarella of Italy, Frank-Walter Steinmeier of Germany, Isaac Herzog of Israel and Yoon Suk-yeol of South Korea.
In a symbolic move to pay tribute to the Queen, whose 2011 state visit to the Republic of Ireland helped heal decades of tension over Northern Ireland’s position in the UK, Irish Prime Minister Micheal Martin will be present.
Numerous heads of state and government will come from countries where Queen Elizabeth was head of state.
These include Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, his Australian counterpart Anthony Albanese and New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern.
Leaders will also come from other states in the 56-nation Commonwealth, of which Queen Elizabeth was the symbolic figurehead.
These include South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Sri Lankan President Ranil Wickremesinghe and Fijian Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama.
Due to strained relations, the UK has opted to invite ambassadors, not heads of state, from several countries – Iran, Nicaragua and North Korea.
Russia and Belarus are among a small group of nations excluded altogether after Moscow invaded Ukraine.
Russian President Vladimir Putin – who is banned from traveling to the UK due to sanctions – had previously said he would not be attending.
But not inviting a Russian representative to the Queen’s funeral is “particularly blasphemous about the memory of Elizabeth II.” and “deeply immoral,” said the Foreign Ministry spokeswoman in Moscow on Thursday.
Russia and Belarus have embassies in London, and their presidents sent King Charles III. messages of condolences.
Other countries without invitations include Myanmar, Syria, Venezuela and Taliban-ruled Afghanistan.