Ways for UN, International Community to end the conflict

Ethiopia _ Eritrea _ TPLF _ UN War
Google Map of Ethiopia and the region

borkena
editorial staff

Ethiopia is once again facing orchestrated political pressure from Western powers over the war against the designated terrorist organization – the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF).

Power relations reminiscent of colonial power relations are now becoming evident as multilateral institutions such as the United Nations demonstrate a commitment to play a crucial role in maintaining them.

Within a week, the United States and five of its western allies issued a joint statement calling for an immediate ceasefire and the withdrawal of Eritrean forces from Ethiopia. The African Union called for an immediate ceasefire and expressed concern about the escalation of the war. And today, United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres commented on the situation in northern Ethiopia, delivering the same message as the United States and most of its key Western allies.

The TPLF as the cause of the entire conflict is ignored. It is proven, even by the testimonies of the main TPLF authorities, that the war in Ethiopia began in response to what the TPLF described as a blitzkrieg attack on the Ethiopian Defense Forces Northern Command in November 2020.

Not only did the TPLF start the conflict, it also sought to perpetuate it until Ethiopia’s resistance was weakened enough for the TPLF to march into the capital, Addis Ababa, as the dominant power player. When the Ethiopian government declared a unilateral ceasefire in July 2021 and called for a peaceful solution to the conflict, the TPLF called it a “sick joke”.

Within three to four months of the Ethiopian government’s unilateral ceasefire, TPLF forces conducted large-scale military operations and captured many areas in the Afar and Amhara regions of Ethiopia. They massacred thousands of innocent civilians in the areas they controlled.

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TPLF leaders like Tsadkan Gebretensae and Debrestion went so far as to say that the war was over and that there would be no talks with the Ethiopian government. Their “victories” made headlines in the western media. It was even claimed that TPLF forces were taking the capital, Addis Ababa.

At this point, the United States and its Western allies were busy creating a telltale picture that the fall of Addis Ababa was imminent. They issued travel advisories, urging their citizens to avoid traveling to Ethiopia and those in the country to leave the country as soon as possible.

By December 2021, the TPLF was losing many battles in the Afar and Amhara areas and had to retreat to the Tigray region of Ethiopia. Instead of working towards a peaceful solution to the conflict, she mobilized broadly for another round of conflict.

Weeks after key Western powers traveled to the Tigray region to meet with rebel leaders, on August 24 the TPLF launched the third round of military attacks against Ethiopian forces.

It opened the war at a time when the Ethiopian government announced its commitment to resolve the conflict peacefully as part of the African Union-led peace talks. The fact that the TPLF opened another round of conflicts has still not been condemned by the western powers.

Ethiopian forces managed to annihilate TPLF forces in less than two months. It is now confirmed that the TPLF is continuing to retreat from various directions as it suffers military defeats. Now the western powers resumed their conspiracy against Ethiopia. The United Nations Secretary-General’s remarks indicate that there is an intention to prepare Ethiopia for a United Nations-led military intervention.

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The Western powers and the United Nations are demanding an immediate end to hostilities and the withdrawal of Eritrean forces. The presence of Eritrean Armed Forces in Ethiopia is not verified by an independent party and Ethiopia has not raised any objections to the presence of Eritrean Armed Forces in Ethiopia.

Ethiopia and Eritrea ended two decades of enmity shortly after the TPLF lost the dominant power in Ethiopia. As sovereign states, the two countries have signed several cooperation agreements and declarations of intent, including in the security and military sectors. What is the legal basis for the United Nations and Western countries to demand the withdrawal of “Eritrean forces from Ethiopia”? The United Nations has a duty not to interfere in the internal affairs of any country, nor to interfere in the manner in which two sovereign states conduct their military affairs, so long as they do not pose a threat to another sovereign state.

The Ethiopian parliament also designated the TPLF as a terrorist organization in May 2021. The Ethiopian government has a legal obligation to ensure that the TPLF, either alone or in cooperation with other designated terrorist groups, no longer poses a threat to Ethiopia. In this regard, the government appears to have conducted the offensive against TPLF with a demonstrated sense of responsibility to ensure civilians were not harmed. The mantra “there is no military solution to the conflict” is also misleading. The TPLF resisted all other peaceful means in pursuit of radical political goals and resorted to military means. The answer could only be military. The TPLF is losing the war and that means there is a military solution to the TPLF’s bellicose stance.

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It is the TPLF that started the war, not just once but three times. And the responsibility to end the war rests entirely with the TPLF. It only takes the TPLF to throw in a towel in the fight ring and admit they lost it. It is an opportunity to end the humanitarian crisis in the Tigay region of Ethiopia. This is where the United Nations and the “international community” must act. By the way, these organizations did not even condemn the TPLF as the organization that caused the war.

Meanwhile, African nations understand that strengthening solidarity with Ethiopia and Eritrea against Western tyrants, including through the United Nations agency, is not an option. It is very clear that Western powers have an interest in maintaining colonial-era-type power relations with Africa (and the rest of the world that matters), except that they have become innovative in this regard. Undue pressure from the United Nations must be resisted. It has a very colonial character.

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