Revealed: These are the world’s most (and least) powerful passports in 2023

For the fifth consecutive year, Japan has the most powerful passport in the world.

The country topped the Henley Passport Index 2023 ranking.

Japanese citizens can now travel visa-free to 193 countries, representing 85 percent of the world and 98 percent of the global economy.

How does the Henley Passport Index rank passports?

The annual index, published by global citizenship and residency consulting firm Henley & Partners, uses exclusive data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to rank 199 passports worldwide. This is based on the number of places their holders can travel without a visa.

If not visa if necessary, the country receives 1 point in the passport. This applies if citizens are able to obtain a visa, visitor’s permit or Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) on entry to their destination.

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When a visa is required or the passport holder needs government approval electronic visa before departure, the passport receives 0 points.

Which countries have the most powerful passports?

Right below JapanVisa-free travel to 192 destinations is possible South Korea and Singapore in joint second place. Third are Germany and Spain, which have visa-free travel to 190 different destinations, followed by Finland, Italy and Luxembourg scored 189 points.

Great Britain and the United States did not move from 6th and 7th place in 2023. They scored 187 and 186 out of 227 countries included in the index. It seems unlikely that these countries will regain the leading position they held a decade or so ago.

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Which country has the lowest capacity passport?

In the latest Henley Passport Index, Afghanistan scored just 27 out of 227 destinations, 166 lower than Japan. It is followed by Iraq with 29 points and Syria with 30 points.

Pakistan (32 destinations), Yemen (34 destinations), Somalia (35 destinations), Nepal – Palestinian Territory (38 destinations), and North Korea (40 destinations) are at the bottom of the list.

The index found that only 17 percent of countries offer passport holders visa-free access to more than 80 percent of the world.

Do other passport grades give different results?

Passport index Arton Capital covers 193 UN member countries and six territories. It is updated throughout the year, and in the most recent list, the United Arab Emirates tops the list with visa-free access, a visa with a score of 181.

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Second place is occupied by 11 countries, most of them in Europe. The list includes Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and South Korea.

The Passport Index also places Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq at the bottom of its rankings. In 2022, it said it was mainly due to international unrest, ongoing conflicts and the risk of people overstaying their visas.


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