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History of the Indonesian Red Cross

The Indonesian Red Cross or IRCI is the first and largest humanitarian organization in Indonesia. The mission of IRCI is to help and serve the victims of conflicts, disasters, health crises, to spread humanitarian values ​​and international humanitarian law. In addition, IRCI also has a blood donor unit in each city to meet the blood needs of the community.

History of the Indonesian Red Cross in Indonesia from time to time

The history of PMI or the history of the Red Cross in Indonesia dates back to the time before World War II. Report from the official website of the Indonesian Red Cross (IRCI), the following is an explanation of the history of IRCI from time to time.

PMI History: The Beginning of the Red Cross in Indonesia

The history of the Red Cross in Indonesia dates back to the time before World War II. On October 21, 1873, the Dutch colonial government established the Red Cross in Indonesia under the name Nederlandse Rode Kruis Afdeling Indie (Nerkai), which was later disbanded during the Japanese occupation.

History of the Indonesian Red Cross: The Struggle to Establish PMI in 1932

The struggle to establish the Indonesian Red Cross began around 1932. This activity was spearheaded by Dr. RCL Senduk and Dr. Bahder Djohan. The plan to establish PMI received wide support, especially from Indonesian educated circles. In 1940, the draft for the establishment of the PMI was brought to the Nerkai Conference. However, it was immediately rejected in the end. After that, the draft is saved to wait for the right opportunity. During the Japanese occupation, the founding pioneers of PMI tried again to form a National Red Cross Agency. However, this effort was once again hindered by the government of the Japanese army, so that for the second time the draft was again shelved.

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History of the Indonesian Red Cross: The Indonesian Red Cross was officially established in 1945

On September 3, 1945, exactly seventeen days after the proclamation of Indonesian independence on August 17, 1945, President Soekarno issued an order to establish a National Red Cross body. On the order of President Soekarno, on September 5, 1945, Committee 5 was established by Dr. Buntaran, who at that time was the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia in Cabinet I. The members of Committee 5 consist of:

dr. R. Mochtar (President) Dr. Bahder Djohan (Author) Dr. Djuhana

Dr. Marzuki

dr. Sitanala (Member)

Finally, on September 17, 1945, the Indonesian Red Cross Association was successfully established and chaired by Dr. Mohammad Hatta. In a country there is only one national association, so on January 16, 1950, the Dutch government dissolved NERKAI and transferred its assets to the Indonesian Red Cross. NERKAI was represented by Dr. B. Van Trich while from the Indonesian Red Cross represented by Dr. Bahder Djohan.

History of the Indonesian Red Cross: International recognition of the Indonesian Red Cross

Cross in 1950

IRCI pioneered its activities by helping victims of the revolutionary war for independence of the Republic of Indonesia and the return of Allied and Japanese prisoners of war. For this achievement, on June 15, 1950, the Indonesian Red Cross received international recognition from the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) by becoming a member of the International Red Cross. Then, in October 1950, PMI was accepted as a member

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of the 68th National Society of the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies called the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).

History of the Indonesian Red Cross: The Indonesian Red Cross receives recognition from the Indonesian government

On January 16, 1950, the Government of Indonesia recognized the existence of PMI by issuing Presidential Decree No. 25 and by Presidential Decree No.

November 1963. PMI. The main tasks of PMI are based on Presidential Decree RIS No. 25 of

1950 and RI Presidential Decree No. 246 of 1963 is first aid for victims of natural disasters and war victims in accordance with the content of the 1949 Geneva Convention.

Purpose of the Indonesian Red Cross

In general, PMI aims to prevent and relieve suffering and protect victims, regardless of religion, nation, ethnicity, skin color, gender, class and political opinions.

ThThe duties of the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) are as follows:

– Help victims of armed conflicts, riots and others

– Provide blood services in accordance with legal provisions

– Do volunteer training

– Conduct education and training related to Red Cross affairs

– Dissemination of information related to Red Cross affairs activities

– Assistance in dealing with disasters and/or disasters at home and abroad

– Assistance in the provision of health and social services

– Perform other humanitarian tasks assigned by the government

– This is information about the history of PMI from time to time that needs to be known. Hope it is useful.

The Indonesian Red Cross (IRCI) has introduced as well as training on international humanitarian law (IHL) for journalists on duty in the city and district of Sukabumi, West Java.

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“Introducing and educating journalists about IHL is very important to increase understanding of assignments in disaster and conflict areas,” said Head of Media Relations at IRCI’s Public Relations and International Affairs Bureau, Anggun Permana

Sidiq in Sukabumi, Monday. He explained that such training is routinely carried out by the PMI and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in areas prone to conflict and disasters, one of which is Sukabumi, which is a disaster-prone area.

In addition, PMI and ICRC chose to hold a training entitled Media Safety for Journalists, because from the results of the data collection, journalists working in the city and Regency of Sukuma are productive in terms of reporting. Therefore, with the synergy and cooperation between journalists and IRCI, it is hoped that it can help in the dissemination of humanitarian information.

In addition, the main purpose of this activity is for journalists covering, especially in conflict and disaster areas, to understand their duties. And some

Countries that are in conflict, such as war, journalists are often the target of violence from the two warring factions. Therefore, with training on IHL journalists when reporting do not become victims.

“Journalists are part of civil society who have the right to be protected in conflict situations. Crisis coverage situations are not only wars, but also disasters,” he added. Anggun hopes that after this training, journalists who are assigned by her company to cover the conflict areas will be prevented from doing unwanted things because safety comes first.



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