Indonesia’s tourism a win for women – Academia

Minako Sakai and Ajie Saksono (360info)

Canberra ●
Wed, October 19, 2022

10:30 a.m

Women, tourism, poverty, economy, gender inequality

Women sending money back to their families were celebrated as heroes for strengthening Indonesian foreign exchange trading. but reports Abuses by foreign employers persist. The execution of two Indonesian maids in Saudi Arabia led to a total ban about sending women as domestic workers to 21 countries (mainly in the Middle East) in 2015. But only since July 2022 a temporary ban was introduced against the posting of Indonesian domestic workers to Malaysia.

Indonesia’s bustling tourist villages offer a safer way to make a living.

In Indonesia’s agricultural sector Rural women earn less than men and The patriarchy continues. While women are actively involved in agricultural production such as weeding and harvesting, they lack the physical strength to clear and till land. Women do more unpaid domestic chores, including meal preparation and daily chores, and they look after livestock. of Indonesia desa wisata, or tourism village program, is evolving into an alternative where rural women can choose to earn an income.

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Popular with tourists, the Banyuwangi Regency in East Java Province is home to people with some of the lowest monthly minimum wages (1.7 million rupiah or about US$117 per month) in the region. But it is also known as the center Osing traditional culture, an indigenous ethnic group where a wide range of festivals related to dance and music are preserved and promoted as cultural attractions for tourists. The area offers a serene view of the rice fields with a variety of culinary traditions including aromatic coffee.

Desa wisata can help alleviate poverty by promoting homestays as a way for visitors to have an authentic experience based on the traditional character of the destination. In 2022 the village will run 99 festivalswith a apartment developed by the government to allow potential visitors to browse the site. With the app, tourists can book their homestay and order local Banyuwangi traditional food. Under smart the government Kampung (Village) program, villagers can participate in a digital economy platform to fulfill food orders.

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Cooking local specialties, handicrafts and looking after the guests is usually the responsibility of women in traditional Indonesian households. These additional business opportunities have enabled women to become second earners on top of their household responsibilities. Furthermore, research increasingly shows that household income growth brings additional benefits for families: delay child marriage, increased spending on children’s education and a reduction in gender-based violence. All of this helps to promote gender equality. The vast majority (85 percent) of beneficiaries of the urban digital gig economy in Indonesia in 2021 were men, according to the World Bank Data. But in the case of desa wisatawomen can also experience the advantages of the smart Kampung Program participating in the opportunity to start a new business.

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The resulting increase in her income can contribute to her family’s well-being and, gradually, women’s voices should be better recognized in rural development policy decision-making.

Minako Sakai is Associate Professor and Deputy Head of School (Research), School of Humanities and Social Sciences, The University of New South Wales (UNSW), Canberra, Australia.

Aji Saksono received his PhD in Social Research in Southeast Asia from UNSW and is now seconded as Head of the Department of Governance, Social and Cultural Affairs at Gunung Kidul Regional Planning Agency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

The research was conducted with financial support from UNSW Canberra Australia and LPDP Indonesia.

Originally published at Creative Commons through 360° info™.


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