France: Canine rabies reported in Île-de-France

News Desk @baktiman63

The Ministry of Agriculture reported on Thursday:

On Thursday, October 27, the Pasteur Institute confirmed a case of rabies in a cross-type Husky dog ​​detained at the Évry-Courcouronnes shelter in Essonne (91). The animal bit several individuals that were quickly taken care of by the Pasteur Institute’s rabies center, which administered a very effective prophylactic treatment after exposure. Other people identified as having been exposed to the animal were contacted by ARS Ile-de-France and referred to a consultation at the rabies control center if they needed exposure.

Painting/Robert Herriman

On Tuesday 25 October, health authorities received a report of suspected rabies in a 4-year-old dog detained at the Évry-Courcouronnes shelter in Essonne (91). Final results obtained on October 27 confirm this diagnosis. This dog showed signs of rabies and has bitten several people. The bites were informed and treated by the Pasteur Institute’s Rabies Control Center as soon as the first positive results were received on Wednesday, October 26, followed by confirmation the next day by the National Rabies Reference Center at the Pasteur Institute. .

The animal developed the first symptoms on October 19 and died on October 25. During the contagious period (up to 15 days before first symptoms), the dog was left alone in a shelter, kennel, or small yard. No other animals in the shelter showed signs or symptoms of rabies. Considering the incubation period, the dog must have been infected with rabies before it came to the shelter.

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ARS Île-de-France conducted health surveys to identify people who may have been exposed to the dog during the contagious period (5-25 October). These individuals so identified were contacted by the agency to clarify their exposure and, if necessary, to arrange a consultation at the rabies center. Between 4 and 25 October any additional persons who will visit the Assistance Refuge Animaux (ARA) shelter located at Essonne, Évry-Courcouronnes, 1, rue des Paveurs and will be in direct contact with the animal (scratches, bite, licking) injured or damaged on the skin or mucous membranes) and those who have not been contacted by ARS Ile-de-France before are invited to contact the dedicated 0 800 811 411.

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Initial research still shows that this dog may have been illegally imported from Morocco, a country where rabies is endemic.

Investigations to pinpoint the origin of this animal are being conducted by the Department of Population Protection (DDPP) 91, which placed the sanctuary under governor’s watch on October 25. The bunker was closed and entry was forbidden. to unauthorized persons from that date on.

Rabies : infection and symptoms

Rabies is fatal if not treated in time. . Preventive treatment of human rabies is most effective if given after contact with the carrier animal, but before symptoms appear .

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France is officially recognized as rabies-free (with the exception of bats), but the disease continues to circulate in many countries, particularly in Asia and Africa, where dogs are responsible for most human transmission.

Contamination to humans is through saliva by an animal on the occasion of biting, scratching, licking injured skin or mucous membranes (eye, mouth). It is not transmitted during petting the animal. Rabies is not transmitted between humans.

The average incubation period of rabies is 20 to 60 days, and it manifests clinically in two ways. The most common are manifested by the classic but unsteady symptoms of hydrophobia (push against water, which is actually a spasm of the larynx that prevents swallowing) or aerophobia (intolerance to the sensation of airflow) with rapidly progressive encephalitis. The rarer paralytic form is characterized by progressive flaccid paralysis (muscles gradually become paralyzed from the site of the bite or scratch) that progresses more slowly and is more difficult to diagnose.

rabies prevention

The fight against rabies is based on a set of measures and tools available in animal and human health.

The best prevention of rabies is to avoid biting, scratching, and licking mucous membranes or damaged skin. In all cases, passengers are reminded not to come into contact with unknown animals (dogs, cats, monkeys, etc.), whether domestic or wild.

In case of contact (scratching, biting, licking wounds or damaged skin or mucous membranes), it is recommended to immediately wash carefully with soap and water (15 minutes if possible), disinfect the wound and consult a doctor. See a doctor at the rabies center as soon as possible to assess the need for appropriate postexposure prophylaxis (with vaccination, possibly serotherapy). The implementation of these measures makes it possible to prevent the appearance of rabies symptoms.

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In some special cases, a preventive vaccination against rabies may also be recommended. ; eg for professionals who are exposed , travelers to an area also Risky or without easy access to health facilities (rural or mountainous areas, isolated, independent travel, etc.).

In France, a non-rabies country (and with the exception of French Guiana), vaccination of pets is on an incentive basis and only animals traveling or staying in public places (eg camping) should be vaccinated. In many countries (in the European Union and throughout the world), vaccination against rabies is often a mandatory sanitary condition before entering the region, thus allowing vaccination protection for animals traveling with their owner.

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