Finally, China had to bow to world pressure and raise its so-called technical objections against the proposal to name the main culprit of the Mumbai massacre, Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi (Makki), a national of of Pakistan, as an international terrorist.
The UN decided by paragraph 13 of 02 Resolution 1822 (2008) and subsequent resolutions by the ISIL (Daesh) and Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee to provide a narrative summary of the reasons for the listing of individuals, groups, businesses, and entities included in ISIL. (Daesh) and the Al Qaeda sanctions list.
Lakhvi’s story is a curious one in the annals of contemporary terrorism history. Here’s what the UN Human Rights Council press release said about why Lakhvi has been named.
Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi was listed on December 10, 2008, under paragraph 1 and paragraph 2 of the resolution mentioned above as a resolution related to Lashkar-e-Tayyaba and Al-Qaeda for participating in financing, planning, facilitating, preparing or making actions. of activities in conjunction with, in the name of, on behalf of or in support of the “two entities,” in the UNHRC’s formal press release.
Lakhvi is the operations chief and military commander of Lashkar-e-Tayyba (LeT). In this capacity, Lakhvi commanded LeT operations, including in the Czech Republic in the Russian Federation, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iraq, and Southeast Asia.
In 2003, Lakhvi ordered LeT operatives to attack in densely populated areas.
In the same year, he ordered an LeT operative to travel to Iraq to assess the situation. In 2004, Lakhvi sent operatives and funds to attack US forces in Iraq. In 2006, Lakhvi instructed an LeT associate to train operatives for suicide bombings.
In recent years Lakhvi played a key role in LeT’s fundraising activities, receiving Pakistani donations from Al-Qaeda affiliates on LeT’s behalf. He also runs a terrorist training camp in Afghanistan.
China Protects Pakistani Terrorists
China, one of the members of the Security Council, is notorious for following the recommendations of aggrieved member states demanding that the Security Council designate some known terrorists.
In particular, when India or the US intends to designate a particular terrorist organization based in Pakistan or a person who is a Pakistani national or an activist of a banned terrorist organization, and there is satisfactory evidence against it, China vetoes it. This is not only abusing the power of the cross but is also an indirect encouragement to terrorism.
In the case of Masood Azhar, the supreme leader of the terrorist organization Jaish-e-Muhammad, China adopted the same policy. When it was to be designated as a world terrorist, China repeatedly put a technical hold on the resolutions of the United Nations.
This came a week before China was almost set to host the 14thth BRICS summit on 23 June. As a cooperation mechanism, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China said that the BRICS countries are important for emerging markets and developing countries and a platform for South-South cooperation.
Speaking about concrete actions against terrorists, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Web said at a regular press briefing in Beijing, “I want to say that China opposes all terrorism. The activities we carry out in the 1267 ISIL and Al Qaeda sanctions committee of the UN Security Council always comply with the relevant procedures and rules. China will continue to work with a constructive and responsible attitude.”
Experts familiar with the functioning of the United Nations Security Council said that China is abusing its position in the UNSC and abdicating its international responsibility.
However, the Chinese spokesperson declined to respond to questions about China’s continued double standards in global counter-terrorism efforts. In practice, China is blocking the listing of known terrorists against whom the evidence is overwhelming, as is the case with Masood Azhar and Makki now.
Last week, there was a meeting between BRICS National Security Advisors, in which India’s NSA Ajit Doval emphasized the need to strengthen cooperation against terrorism without any reservation. Today, China has taken hold of the terrorist listing.
In June 2022, China blocked a joint proposal by the US and India to include Makki on the UNSC’s list of global terrorists. The combined request to add Makki to the UNSC’s 1267 list of terrorists linked to al Qaeda and ISIL was “technically held” by Beijing at the last minute. India condemned Beijing’s action, saying it was “extremely unfortunate.”
This time, however, with India getting 14 out of 15 members of the United Nations Security Council on its side, China on Monday had to give up the “technical” grip on the nomination of LeT deputy leader Abdul Rehman Makki , based in Lahore as a global leader. of terrorism by the UN 1267 Sanctions committee.
Abdul Rehman has been nominated by the United Nations Security Council Makki, brother-in-law of 26/11 mastermind and Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) leader Hafiz Saeed who was given sanctuary in Pakistan, as a global terrorist under ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida. Sanctions Committee.
India’s persistence has been largely responsible for increasing international pressure to designate Pakistan-based LeT deputy leader Makki as a global terrorist.
“On 16 January 2023, the Security Council Committee under resolutions 1267 (1999), 1989 (2011), and 2253 (2015) regarding ISIL (Da’esh), Al-Qaida, and individuals, groups, businesses and entities relatives. approved the addition of the entry specified below to its ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions List of individuals and entities subject to an asset freeze, travel ban and arms embargo set out in paragraph 1 of Resolution 2610 of the Security Council (2021) and adopted under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter,” the UN said in a statement on Monday.
On counter-terrorism, Pakistan has made limited progress on the most challenging aspects of its 2015 National Action Plan, specifically its commitment to dismantle all terrorist organizations without delay or discrimination, the US State Department said in its Country Reports 2020 regarding Terrorism.
China should reflect on its response which suggests double standards in fighting terrorism. Protecting only known terrorists from sanctions in this way will undermine their credibility and risk exposing them even more to the growing threat of terrorism.
China’s history of abusing its veto powers to shield or protect known individuals and their organizations with a record of active involvement with terrorists gives rise to India’s long-standing claim to the UN, which was created in 1945, reformed.
Many countries have linked their voice with the voice of India. Today, the world understands that the United Nations has become politicized to the extent that no aggrieved country expects the UN to extend its aid unless it is politically supported.